Bhaktapur Durbar Square is the plaza in front of the royal palace of the old Bhaktapur Kingdom, 1,400 metres (4,600 ft) above sea level. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site of Nepal. Many tourists attraction is toward the pachpann jhyale of Bhaktapur Durbar Square.
The Bhaktapur Durbar Square is located in the current town of Bhaktapur also knows as Bhadgaon, which lies 13 km east of Kathmandu. While the complex consists of at least four distinct squares (Durbar Square, Taumadhi Square, Dattatreya Square and Pottery Square), the whole area is informally known as the Bhaktapur Durbar Square and is a highly visited site in the Kathmandu Valley.
“Bhaktapur Durbar Square” the city is also known, is a museum of medieval art and architecture with many examples of sculpture, woodcarving and colossal pagoda temples consecrated to different gods and goddesses which is 15 km far from Kathmandu.
The Major attraction of Bhaktapur Darbar Square:
- 55 Window Palace:
The 55 window palace that is a major attraction of Bhaktapur Durbar Square was built during the reign of King Bhupatindra Malla. He ruled from 1696 to 1722 AD.His son Ranjit Malla became the last king of his dynasty in Bhaktapur. We overheard a local “guide” tell the “not so impressed” tourist that the king who built the fifty five window palace actually had 55 wives.
2. Golden Gate:
The magnificent Golden Gate is a visual highlight of Durbar Sq. set into a bright … the quake but not destroyed, it is one of the most sacred temples in Bhaktapur. One of the most beautiful and artistic examples of the ancient Nepali (Newari) architecture, the Golden Gate, known as Soon Dhoka in Nepali. Bhaktapur Durbar Square is a masterpiece not only of Nepal but for all the world.
2. Vatsala Temple:
Vatsala Temple was the stone temple of goddess Vatsala Devi that included many carvings; however, it was most famous for its silver bell, known to local residents as “the bell of barking cats ” as when it is rung, dogs in the vicinity bark and howl.
The Vatsala Durga Temple is made from sandstone and sits beside King Bhupatindra Malla’s statue directly in front of the Royal Palace of 55 Windows. Though sandstone its appearence is more of limestone.
3. Nyatapola Temple:
Nyatapola in Newari language means five stories – the symbolic of five basic elements. This is the biggest and highest pagoda of Nepal ever built with such architectural perfection and artistic beauty. The temple’s foundation is said to be made wider than its base.The temple was erected by Nepali King Bhupatindra Malla during a 7-month period from late 1702 to 1703.
4. Bhairava Nath Temple:
The three-storied temple of Bhairavnath in Bhaktapur in Nepal was built by King Jagat Jyoti Malla originally. Later the Bhairavnath temple was improved by King Bhupatindra Malla, who was an arts lover.
The Bhairavanth temple is dedicated to Kasi Bhairav, the dangerous aspect of Shiva. The inner sanctum of the temple houses the head of Bhairav. The legend says that Kasi Bhairav’s head was cut off by a tantric expert in order to keep him in Bhaktapur.
5. Lion’s Gate:
The Lion Gate in Durbar Square in Bhaktapur includes two stone images of Bhairav (the dreadful aspect of Shiva) and Ugrachandi (the consort of Shiva in her fearful manifestation). There is a mesuem
inside lion’s gate.
Other temples of Bhaktapur are:
- Erotic elephants temple
- Ugrachandi and Ugrabhairab
- Rameshwar Temple
- Badrinath Temple
- Gopi Nath Temple
- Kedarnath Temple
- Hanuman Statue
But due to the devastating earthquake of Nepal in 2012, Many of those heritage has been destroyed.
But now, construction work is going on and will be completed soon . Bhaktapur Durbar Square is really a fantastic gift given by our ancestors for us.